Deriving its name from the abundance of semul or red silk cotton trees that bloom vividly here, the Simlipal National Park is home to three of India’s biggest animal species –Tiger, Asian Elephant and Gaur.Simlipal national park primarily served as a hunting ground for the royalty. The high hills of Simlipal surround Meghasani, the highest peak in the national park
The fauna at the Park including tiger, leopard, elephants, bison, sambar, porcupine, pangolin, flying-squirrel, hill myna, hornbill and pythons can be observed closely by exploring the reserve in private jeeps and cars. But before going on any such expedition, the tourists are advised to take an anti-malarial drug. This National Park is also home to a large number of reptiles including snakes and turtles. The other attractions of the Simlipal National Park are Mugger crocodiles at Jashipur apart from Barehipani and Joranda waterfalls.
Similipal National Park, a tract of total wilderness is spread over an 845 sq km core area. In the ancient days, this reserve was the hunting preserve of the Mayurbhanj maharajas. As a result of excessive hunting, the wildlife here was seriously damaged. And then it was in the year 1957 that a small area of it was declared a sanctuary.
The reserve remains open from mid-October to mid-June. An entry permit needs to be taken from the office of Assistant Conservator of Forest, National Park, Jashipur or from the Range Officer, Pithabata.
Simlipal is the ideal location to learn and enjoy the life and culture of the tribal society of Orissa. The tourists can interact with the tribe populace and participate in their festivities and customs. The area is an acclaimed place for adventurous activities like nature walking, forest safari and trekking. The two majestic peaks Meghasani and Khairiburu add much attraction to the area to explore the Mother Nature.